The Basics of Law


Law is a system of rules that society or government develops to deal with crime, business agreements, and social relationships. It is also a field of study, with the people who make and enforce laws being known as lawyers or judges.

Laws are usually based on a mix of common sense, custom, and religious beliefs. They are designed to protect individuals’ liberties, property, and rights. These laws may be created by a legislature, resulting in statutes, or by the executive branch through decrees and regulations. Laws can also be established through precedent, or case law, where judges’ decisions bind lower courts or future cases with similar issues.

The main functions of law are establishing standards, maintaining order, resolving disputes, and protecting liberty and rights. The exact nature of these laws differs from nation to nation, and many people rebel against existing political-legal authority.

Most states have constitutions that outline the basic foundation of their law. This includes a bill of rights that defines certain rights and freedoms. Some states allow the people to ratify, or agree to, laws through referendums or other means, giving them more input into the creation of law.

There are a number of different types of law, including criminal, tort, civil, and administrative. Criminal law covers activities that are illegal or punishable by death, such as murder and robbery. Tort law relates to civil wrongs, such as negligence and libel. Civil law covers contracts, property, and a variety of other legal situations.

A lawyer is a person who practices law, either as a judge or a barrister. There are several professions that involve studying and advising on the law, including notaries public and insurance brokers. Some of these professionals have special titles, such as Esquire to indicate a high level of professionalism in the practice of law, or Doctor of Law, to indicate a degree in law.

The Law School at LSU is one of the leading programs in the country for preparing students to become successful lawyers and judges. The law program combines rigorous academics with hands-on practical experience, including externship opportunities. Its strong program in legal writing and research prepares students to tackle the rigors of law school and the challenges of practicing law. The school also has an active clinical program in which students assist real-life attorneys with their cases. This gives students an insider’s perspective on the law and the complexities of courtroom procedures. It is this practical experience that allows them to understand how the law works in the real world and to provide a more effective service to their clients. The Law School is accredited by the American Bar Association and is a member of the Federation of State Boards of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar. The law faculty is comprised of top professors with deep knowledge of their subject areas. Their combined teaching, scholarship, and service to the community make the Law School at LSU a top choice for students.